Thursday, 4 May 2017

Diabetes: 5 warning signs you shouldn't ignore.

Diabetes: 5 warning signs

Diabetes Mellitus can be defined as chronic hyperglycemia (excess sugar in the blood) because of reduced insulin in the body or the resistance of the body to insulin. Insulin is the hormone in the body that regulates the storage and release of energy gotten from food. Insulin encourages the entry of glucose into cells.

Diabetes, like hypertension, is a silent killer because people sometimes are unaware that they have this disease until there are complications. However, there are symptoms of this disease some of which are listed below and shouldn't be ignored.

Frequent urination

This may occur when there is too much glucose in the blood. When this happens, the kidneys draw extra water out of the blood to dilute the glucose thus producing more urine.

Always thirsty

If you are drinking more water than you usually do accompanied by frequent urination, it may be a sign of diabetes. 
Thirst is caused by dehydration in the body.

Weight loss

When the body cells are not getting enough glucose because of deficient insulin, the body starts to break down fat and muscle to get energy this is more common in type I diabetes because the pancreas stops making insulin. In type 2 diabetes, the weight loss may be gradual.

Weakness and fatigue

This is also because of excess sugar in the blood which doesn't get into the cells depriving them of energy.

Cuts and wounds that take a long time to heal

The excess sugar in the blood damages the blood vessels reducing their ability to transport needed nutrients to injured areas
These symptoms may indicate diabetes so if you notice any or all of these symptoms, visit your doctor for proper evaluation.

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